How scientific research is having impact on dental education?

Scientific research plays a vital role in developments of technology, oral health care as well as general health of the people. The oral microbiology has provided great opportunity for scientists to understand the acute and chronic infections and various other relevant diseases. With the help of applied and fundamental dental research it’s now possible for the medical and dental doctors to know the general issues related to chronic infections all over the human body. Through science it is possible to asses; know the levels of risks, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, therapeutics and implementing accordingly. 

Research also helps the researchers to know more about health and beyond education. A Health professions education is not just confined to reading content but they should also understand how critical thinking can be improved through active enquiry. With the latest developments and changes that are occurring in various fields, educators need to keep their skills and knowledge up to date so that they can deliver the right knowledge to students, colleagues or residents. According to the cognitive neuroscience studies, the passive learning lectures should be transformed to different model like the various case study models and through the problem -based learning models. 

The artificial intelligence which has been derived from the digital revolution has already been creating a great impact on health care at various levels. The most common health care issues which may be challenging to the society include the early childhood development, prenatal care, food choices and behavior, obesity, autism, learning disabilities, behavioral choices, drug abuse, chronic diseases, physical exercise, life expectancy, life issues, etc. So, the upcoming dentists should be prepared with the necessary tools and have the right skills to practice in the 21st century.

Through genomic information, technology and knowledge one can understand about the craniofacial oral dental disorders and diseases. It’s important for the clinical practitioners to stay updated with the scientific discoveries. For several decades the clinical scholars were human and microbial genetics advocates and with recent changes, they are in to genomics and pharmacogenomics which has become integral parts of preclinical and clinical education and training of professionals for oral health. It’s important to have personalized oral health care for which certain important lessons have to be included based on the previous experiences.  The first thing is that there has to be speed progress of biomedical sciences through open and free access to microbiome data and human genome. Second one is the innovations that are taking place in informatics and technology for the clinical research and development should be continued for great success. Third one is the accurate identification as well as alignment of phenotypic and genetics and other environment related risk factors are mostly driver for success. All these should be made in coordination with the human behavior so as to achieve the optimal results. Fourth, the pharmacogenomics should be coupled with advanced drug development in order to maintain the public private partnerships. As the craniofacial oral dental complex is related to other body parts its important to have primary care for oral health, mental, hearing and vision.